POPULATION

Parish     City  
1990 Census

70,526

  Albany

686

1998 Survey

84,400

  Denham Springs

9,171

2003 Projection

96,600

  French Settlement

876

Source: 1990 Census; LA Dept. Economic Development, Sales & Marketing Management, Survey of Buying Power, 1998

  Killian (1990)

721

  Livingston

1276

  Port Vincent (1994)

500

  Springfield (1993)

448

  Walker

4,608

  Source: Louisiana Tech University, 1997 Estimate
GEOGRAPHIC LOCATION- Livingston Parish’s location between the state capital of Baton Rouge and the Greater new Orleans Metropolitan area affords its residents easy access both to services of state government and to one of America’s most colorful cities. Amite River, which empties into lake Maurepas, forms the western border, while the Petite Amite and Blind rivers define the southern borders, and the Natalbany River forms part of the eastern border.

TOPOGRAPHY- The parish consists of 642 square miles of 410,880 acres and is 32 miles long by 30 miles wide. The northern part of the parish consists of rolling terrain covered by slash pine and hard wood forests approximately 50 feet above sea level. In the southern end of the parish, the land submerges into rich cypress forests and marshes that border on Lake Maurpas and the Amite River.

PARISH HISTORY- Originally, Livingston was part of the St. Helena District. In 1832, St. Helena was divided in half, and the Louisiana Legislature created Livingston parish, named for Edward Livingston, a prominent statesman who served as a senator, a minister to France, and Secretary of State under Andrew Jackson. By 1835 several small industries were thriving in the area, notably sawmills and brick factories. The timber industry brought the railroads through in the early part of this century, changing commercial and residential patterns. With the construction of modern highways and the encroachment of metropolitan Baton Rouge, Livingston Parish continues to attract residents as well as businesses.

MUNICIPAL SUMMERIES- There are eight incorporated municipal areas in Livingston Parish:

Albany - Incorporated in 1953, its name is probably derived from the nearby Natalbany River, which is a Choctaw word meaning Lone Bear.
Denham Springs - Named after William Denham, this community was incorporated as a village in 1903, as a town in 1925, and as a city in 1957.
French Settlement - So named because of the many French and Acadian settlers in this part of the parish, this small community was incorporated as a village in 1965.
Killian - Located in the southeastern part of the parish on the Tickfaw River and Highway 22, it is the youngest municipality in Livingston Parish, incorporated in 1968. It is a residential and recreational area with weekend camps and boat launching facilities for fishermen.
Livingston - Like the parish, this town was named after Edward Livingston. The parish seat since 1941, the abundant timber resources in the area attracted early settlers. Two railroads crossed at this location near the center of the parish and eventually US Highway- 190 and Interstate 12 were built nearby, making this an ideal location for the seat of government.
Port Vincent – Once the parish’s port city and briefly the seat of government, it was incorporated in 1952.
Springfield – Livingston Parish’s oldest community, incorporated in 1838, its port served the eastern part of the parish.
Walker - This self-proclaimed Pine Tree Capital of the World was incorporated in 1909. With a population of 4,366, Walker is a thriving community only 20 minutes from the state capital, Baton Rouge.

ECONOMY- Livingston Parish’s industrial base consists largely of wood products, metal products, plastics, pipe fabrication and other manufacturers. Different industries such as furniture manufacturing and metal instruments also operate in Livingston Parish, indicating the potential for larger scale operations in the future.

AVERAGE EMPLOYMENT BY MAJOR INDUSTRY
Divisions (4th tr. 1997)

Agriculture

0.45%

  Wholesale Trade

4.32%

Mining

0.36%

  Retail Trade

24.86%

Construction

11.37%

  Finance

3.07%

Manufacturing

11.78%

  Services

34.13%

Transportation

5.20%

  Public Administration

4.46%

MARKET ACCESS- Livingston Parish’s central location between two of the largest cities in Louisiana provides ready-made markets and many transportation options. Interstate-12 runs through the parish connecting with I-10, which runs from the eastern coast of the United states to California, and I-55, which runs north-south from New Orleans to Chicago.

Highways - Interstate 12, U.S. Highway 190, State Highways 16, 22, 43, 40
Freight Rail - Illinois Central Railroad
Port Facilities:

Shallow Draft - Port Manchac in neighboring Tangipahoa Parish.

Deep Draft - The Port of Greater Baton Rouge, Port of South Louisiana, Port of New Orleans

Air- New Orleans International, Baton Rouge Metropolitan

LABOR MARKET- Livingston Parish has access not only to its labor force of 39,100 (preliminary July 1996) but also to the labor force of surrounding parishes as part of the Baton Rouge Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA). Louisiana is a Right-to-Work state with some of the highest productive workers in the country. A 1990 study has shown that locally, the manufacturing output per dollar input greatly exceeds the national average. In addition, Louisiana ranks first nationally for having the least amount of man-hours lost.

EDUCATION - Twelve colleges and universities are within an hour’s drive of Livingston, and three vocational institutes are within commuting distance. There are 31 public schools and 1 nonpublic school in Livingston Parish.

QUALITY OF LIFE- Livingston Parish enjoys a temperate climate year-round. Public parks and nearby lakes provide outdoor recreation, and the cultural resources of New Orleans and Baton Rouge remain close.

INFRASTRUCTURE- Entergy Louisiana and Dixie Electric Membership Corporative (DEMCO) provide electric power at reasonable cost in Livingston parish Water, sewerage treatment, waste disposal and natural gas are all available on-site.

COSTS/GOVERNMENT- Sales taxes, including state, parish and city, runs from 8.0% to 9.5%. Average state-wide rate on property tax is 1% of fair market value. A parish council of nine elected representatives and a parish-wide elected president governs the parish.