LABOR FORCE

The Louisiana Department of Labor preliminary figures from June 1998 shows the total civilian labor force of Livingston Parish at 42,000 of which 39,400 are employed.

Civilian Labor Force    

Parish

42,000

100.0%

State

2,083,500

100.0%

Total Employment    

Parish

39,400

93.9%

State

1,975,100

94.8%

Unemployment    

Parish

2,600

6.1%

State

108,400

5.2%

Average Employment by Major Industry Divisions
4
th Qtr. 1997 – Livingston Parish

Agriculture

0.45%

Mining

0.36%

Construction

11.37%

Manufacturing

11.78%

Transportation

5.20%

Wholesale Trade

4.32%

Retail Trade

24.86%

Finance

3.07%

Services

34.13%

Public Administration

4.46%

Source: Louisiana Department of Labor

Productivity- Louisiana workers have a proven record of productivity and dependability in industries as diverse and demanding as aerospace, automobile manufacturing, shipbuilding and petrochemicals. According to Grant Thornton’s 1990 manufacturing Climates Study, Louisiana’s labor force ranked number one in value added. This study provides a comparative ranking of expected output for every $1 in payroll expenses. The average output nationally for every dollar paid to a worker is $4.60. Louisiana far exceeds the national average as its manufacturing employees produce $6.36 of output for every dollar of payroll.

The Grant Thornton study also shows Louisiana leading the nation in having the least amount of man-hours lost. With fewest work stoppages, the Louisiana labor force continues to prove itself extremely reliable.

Availability- Livingston Parish can draw from a much larger labor pool, attracting skilled workers form throughout the Baton Rouge MSA. The abundance of skilled labor has been prominent in recent plant expansions throughout Louisiana. Managers have experienced a 4 to 1 ratio of applicants to positions available, according to Louisiana Job Services representatives. Turnover is described by plant managers as "Very light", ranging from 10% to 15% in the region.

CURRENT EMPLOYMENT DISTRIBUTION

The July, 1996 Labor Department preliminary figures shows employment for Livingston Parish at 35,700. The Areas accounting for the largest numbers of employees are services, retail trade and manufacturing.

EMPLOYMENT INCOME

 

1993

1994

1995

Total Personal Income*

$1,119,000,000

$1,279,424

$1,373,261

Per Capita Personal Income

$14,737

$16,422

$17,091

*thousands of dollars
Source: U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis

WAGES

Louisiana’s Average Hourly Earnings, June, 1998

ALL MANUFACTURING

$14.52

Durable Goods

$13.24

Lumber & Wood Products

$10.82

Stone, Clay, & Glass Products

$12.60

Fabricated Metal Products

$12.26

Machinery, ex. Electrical Equipment

$13.31

Electric & Electronic Equipment

$18.87

Transportation Equipment

$14.91

Non-Durable Goods

$15.88

Food & Kindred Products

$8.94

Apparel & Other Textile Products

$6.67

Paper & Allied Products

$16.62

Printing & Publishing

$12.50

Chemicals & Allied Products

$21.76

Petroleum & Coal Products

$23.80

Petroleum Refining

$25.00

MINING

$15.45

COMMUNICATIONS & PUBLIC UTIL.

$13.75

BANKING

$10.96

Source: Louisiana Department of Labor

LABOR RELATIONS

Louisiana is a right-to-work state, ranking 31st nationwide in percentage of unionization among non-agricultural workers. The right-to-work law, provided for in the State Constitution, stipulates that individuals may not be denied the right to work because of membership or non-membership in labor unions. Employers cannot require employees to become or remain members of a labor union or require that dues or fees be paid to a union as a condition of employment. The State’s ranking as having the least amount of man-hours lost indicates that the labor arrangement works quite well, both for employers and employees.

TRAINING PROGRAMS

Louisiana Quickstart- The Department of Education coordinates this program, available to new and expanding companies, which provides industry with a pool of skilled and productive employees on the day a plant is opened.

Job Training Partnership Act (JTPA)- More than $100 million of federal money is currently available to Louisiana for training and employment programs through the JTPA. More JTPA funding per capita is made available to Louisiana than to any other state. On-the-Job Training (OJT) helps employers cut training costs by providing a 50% salary reimbursement for training up to six months.

Job Opportunity Bridge - The Job Opportunity Bridge, a three-year-old program, operates on a volunteer basis through the cooperation of Job Service employees and area employers. Each week a different employer from the area presents job openings to both unemployed people and people seeking to improve their employment situation. Training and education programs are provided.

Job Services – A federally funded program maintained by the Louisiana Department of Employment and Training, its files contain the largest supply of qualified job seekers in the state. Job listings, which cannot be filled on a local basis, are fed into a computerized system, which brings the job order to placement interviewers in offices across the state. Employers may also use the facilities of any of the Job Services offices statewide to carry out their own prospective employee search. An employer may advertise a job opening in any area of the state and have a representative conduct interviews in Job Service offices where qualified applicants are available. The job Service has two offices near Livingston Parish at Hammond (504-345-6835) and Baton Rouge (225-925-4311).